I. “Sealed for Goodness!”
Ephesians 4:25-29; 2Co 5:17; Gal 5:16-26; Ro 8:6
Ephesians 4:25-30; Is 63:10; 1Thess 5:19; Eph 1:7, 13
John 16:12-14; 14:16-26; 15:26; 16:8-11; Ac 8:31; Ps 25:5
Esther 3:12; 1Co 15; Jn 16:13; Eph 4:30
1 Thessalonians 1:2-7
II. “Put Adam Away!”
Ephesians 4:30-31; Col 3:8-17
III. “Exhibit Grace!”
Ephesians 4:30-32; Col 3:12-13; 2Co 2:5-10
1 Peter 3:8-17; Ps 34:12-16; Is 29:23; Mt 5:10-11
Romans 12:16-21; Heb 13:1-9; 1Pe 2:19; 4:14-16
Matthew 6:9-14; Lk 6:37; Col 3:13; Eph 4:32
1 Thessalonians 5:19-23; Gal 5:22-24
Greek Word Study:
Grieve: ‘lupeo’: from ‘lupe’: sadness; to be sad, distressed, feel grief. From sorrow; to grieve, afflict with sorrow. With the meaning of to cause grief, offend (2Co 2:5, 7:8; Eph 4:30)
Sealed: ‘sphragizo’: from ‘sphragis’: the stamp impressed (as a mark of genuineness). To stamp with a signet or private mark for preservation, seal.
Redemption: ‘apolutrosis’: (the act) ransom in full; Christian Salvation. From ‘apolutroo”: to let go free for ransom. Redemption. I. Deliverance on account of ransom paid; spoken of the deliverance from the power and consequences of sin which Christ procured by laying down His life as a ransom (‘lutron’) for those who believe. (…Eph 1:7, 14…) II. Deliverance without the idea of ransom, i.e. from calamities and death (Lk 21:28; Hb 11:35). So also of the soul from the body as its prison (Ro 8:23 at coming of the Lord; Eph 4:30 [cf. Ro 7:24])
Bitterness: ‘pikria’: from ‘pikros’: sharp, pungent (bitter, saltwater). Acridity (especially poison) (literal or figurative): - bitterness
Wrath: ‘thumos’: from ‘thuo’; passion (as if breathing hard) : - (fits of) anger, enrage, fury, passion, wrath. N. from ‘thuo’: to move impetuously. In Classical Greek: mind, soul, e.g. as the principle of life, as the seat of the will, desire, emotions, passions, etc. Hence, generally, and in the NT: passion, i.e. violent commotion of mind, indignation, anger, wrath; differing from ‘orge’ (anger) in the mode of conception rather than in the thing signified, with ‘thumos’ picturing the inward feeling, and ‘orge’ (anger) representing the outward emotion. (…Eph 4:31…)
Anger: ‘orge’: from ‘oregomai’; properly desire (as a reaching forth or excitement of the mind), i.e. (by analogy) violent passion (ire, or [justifiable] abhorrence); (by implication) punishment: - anger, wrath. N. from ‘oregomai’, to covet after, desire. The native character, disposition temper of the mind; impulse, impetus. Hence, In NT, passion, i.e. any violent commotion of mine, indignation, anger, wrath, especially as including desire for vengeance, punishment, and therein differing from ‘thumos’. (…Eph 4:31…) When spoken of God, as implying utter abhorrence of sin and aversion to those who live in it. (Ro 9:22; Hb 3:11; 4:3)
Clamor: ‘krauge’: from ‘krazo’ properly, to “croak” (as a raven) or scream, i.e. (genitive) to call aloud (shriek, exclaim, entreat). An outcry (in notification, tumult, or grief); - clamor, cry.
Slander: ‘blasphemia’: from ‘blasphemos’; vilification (especially against God): - blasphemy (-ous), slander. Generally, spoken of men and things: evil speakings, slander, reviling (…Eph 4:31…) Synonyms: evil speaking, backbiting, abuse, railing, unbelief, impiety, insult, hurt, reproach, defamation.
Malice: ‘kakia’: from ‘kakos’; badness, (subject) depravity, or (active) malignity, (passive) trouble: - evil, malice, trouble, wickedness. In NT, evil in the moral sense: in an active sense: malice, the desire to do evil to others. (…Eph 4:31…)
Kind: ‘chrestos’: Useful (in manner or morals); - easy, good, kind (-ness). Of persons, useful toward others, hence good-natured, good, gentle, kind (Lk 6:35 of God; Eph 4:32; 1Pe 2:3)
Tenderhearted: ‘eusplachnos’: well-compassioned i.e. sympathetic.
Forgiving: ‘charizomai’: from ‘charis’: grace; to grant as a favor, i.e. gratuitously, in kindness, pardon or rescue: - bestow, cancel, forgive, (freely, graciously) give (up), grant. Generally of wrong, sin, to forgive, not to punish (…Eph 4:32…) Deriv.: ‘charisma’: a gift of grace.